The Math Tutoring Program
The aim of this program is to help promote a positive experience of learning mathematics and to develop a sound foundation of basic number understanding. Understanding that our children will vary greatly in individual abilities and challenges in comprehending math, we combined multiple approaches which utilize multi-sensory teaching, and aligned them with topics taught in the classroom, in hopes of providing a comprehensive and cohesive program. The program includes activities that apply the student’s learning experience from the classroom to the real world.
- Increased confidence and self-esteem
- Enhanced fine motor development
- Greater independence and autonomy
- Greater inclusion in general education classrooms
- More active role in schools and community
- Broader communication and speech abilities
- Greater social interaction and friendships
- Accelerated articulation development
Fundamentals of GiGi’s Math Tutoring Program
- We teach using materials that are meaningful and relevant to the student.
- We teach using a multi-sensory (visual, kinesthetic, auditory) and multi-modality (variety of methods) approach.
- We teach students to practice, transfer and generalize newly learned skills.
- We teach students to apply and use information gained from math problem solving.
Math is Important
Math is a vital life skill where doors, otherwise closed, in the workplace, schools and the community will open up for individuals with Down syndrome. Developing math skills leads to improvements in speech and language development, auditory perceptual skills and working memory function. This will promote the self-confidence and self-esteem that is so important to all individuals!
TouchMoney by PCI
The TouchMoney system uses a proven kinesthetic approach to make learning to count coins quick and easy. Based on the idea that all coins except pennies can be counted using 5’s, this step- by-step process helps students of all ages experience success with this essential life skill. Students learn to count “TouchPoints” on nickels, dimes and quarters to determine the value of the coins. Each TouchPoint equals five cents. Pennies are worth one cent each and are TouchCounted last.
Teaching Math to People with Down syndrome and Other Hands-on Learners
by DeAnna Horstmeier, Ph.D.:
TEACHING MATH TO PEOPLE WITH DOWN SYNDROME is a guide to teach meaningful math to students--with and without learning problems--who struggle with understanding computation, number concepts, and when and how to use these skills.
The author, an experienced educator, was inspired to write TEACHING MATH to meet the needs of hands-on learners after observing the difficulty her adult son with Down syndrome and his peers had in applying math skills to everyday life.
For years, the math program explained in TEACHING MATH has been successfully used with preschoolers, children, and adults with Down syndrome, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and other cognitive disabilities. Its success lies in capitalizing on the visual learning strengths of these concrete learners and using manipulatives, games, and activities to teach and maintain motivation.
Building the Foundation
Each child learns and develops math skills at a different pace. The GiGi's Math Tutoring program builds a foundation from the beginning in these main areas:
- Number Sense and Counting
- Addition and Subtraction
- Multiplication and Division
- Math in the Real World: Shapes, Fractions, Measurement, Time, Money, Data & Categories
It's never too late or too early to start building this foundation!
Program Reference Materials:
Numicon is a multi-sensory math teaching program using Numicon shapes in a series of practical teaching activities. The Numicon Shapes give learners insight into numerical values and relationships in a way not provided by written numerals. Learners develop their own mental imagery as they combine and compare the shapes to do arithmetic in a series of practical activities.
Numicon’s visual, auditory and kinesthetic approach appeals to different learning styles. Pupils learn through both seeing and feeling how Numicon patterns connect with each other. By physically manipulating Numicon to build constructions, make arrangements and patterns and play games using the feely bag, pupils will experience with both their hands and their eyes how numbers fit together. The powerful images can also open doors for children struggling with numbers, no matter how old they are.
TouchMath is a multisensory program that uses its signature TouchPoints to engage students of all abilities and learning styles. TouchPoints develop and reinforce a performance of math functions useful both in daily activities and academic accomplishment. They may also serve as “mental manipulatives” for students who find concrete manipulatives difficult and/or distracting.
Number Skills for Infants with Down Syndrome (0-5 Years)
by Gilian Byrd
Number Skills for Children with Down Syndrome (5-11 Years)
by Gillian Byrd and Sue Buckley:
The research-based efforts of the Down Syndrome Educational Trust out of England provide a foundation for teaching Mathematics to children with Down syndrome. In these two books, extensive vocabulary is provided in several categories including, but not limited to, Numeracy, Money, Time, Shapes, Instructions, and Numbers and the Number System. To find out more about the Number Skills books, please visit: http://www.down-syndrome.org/information/number/. To learn more about the Down Syndrome Educational Trust in the United States, please visit http://www.downsedusa.org/en/us/default.aspx.